Everything You Need to Know About Dental and Oral Health |
Everything You Need to Know About Dental and Oral Health

Everything You Need to Know About Dental and Oral Health


Poor oral hygiene not just leads to gum diseases and cavities but can also lead to heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. The early you learn about good oral habits, the better oral health you enjoy in the long run.

Facts about dental and oral health

  • Between 60 to 90% of school children have at least one dental cavity.
  • Nearly 100% of adults have one dental cavity.
  • About 30% of people between the ages 65 to 74 have no natural teeth left.

Symptoms of dental and oral problems

  • Ulcers, sores, and tender area in mouth that don’t heal
  • Toothache
  • Receding gums
  • Frequent dry mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • Swelling of the face and cheek
  • Cracked/ broken teeth

Causes of dental and oral diseases

  • Smoking
  • Poor brushing habits
  • Diabetes
  • Use of medications that reduce saliva
  • Frequent snacking
  • Hormonal changes in woman
  • Family history
  • Acid reflux or heartburn

Diagnosing dental and oral diseases

The dentist near you will assess your teeth and gums and may take an x-ray. They may also perform biopsy if lumps are found in mouth. If oral cancer is suspected, he may take x-rays, MRI scan, CT scan, and endoscopy for further evaluation.

Types of dental and oral diseases

  • Cavities
  • Gum disease (gingivitis)
  • Periodontitis
  • Cracked or broken teeth

The link between oral and general health

Some of the common diseases that can be caused by poor oral health are:

  • Heart disease
  • Low birth weight
  • Pre-term birth
  • Endocarditis

Treating dental and oral problems

Some of the common forms of treatment are as follows:

  • Cleanings
  • Fluoride treatments
  • Antibiotics
  • Fillings, crowns, and sealants
  • Root canal

Surgery for dental and oral problems

  • Flap surgery
  • Bone grafting
  • Soft tissue grafts
  • Tooth extraction
  • Dental implants

Keeping your teeth and gums healthy

  • Brush and floss your teeth twice daily
  • Visit the dentist every 6 months for cleaning and examination
  • Avoid sugary, starchy food and tobacco

The bottom line about dental and oral health

Your oral health can affect your overall health. Thus, it’s important to maintain good oral hygiene and take preventive measures.