The Possible Health Complications of Sleep Breathing Disorder
Sleep and its role in our health is becoming a popular topic more and more every day, and with good reason. Study after study has shown that good sleep is one of the main cornerstones for good overall health.
Having said that, what does it mean if you aren’t getting the proper sleep your brain and body require. Simply put, poor sleep can make your body more susceptible to many common health conditions, with sleep apnea being the main culprit.
So, what are these common conditions? When I see patients and review their medical histories on a day to day basis, there are certain conditions that are red flags and I make sure patients with these common conditions get sleep tested. Here are 10 common conditions where sleep apnea has a significant prevalence:
- ADHD: Often symptoms of sleep apnea get mistaken for ADD or ADHD. That’s why there is approximately a 40% prevalence of sleep apnea with ADHD/ADD. At the very least, anyone who has ever been diagnosed with ADD or ADHD should be tested for a sleep breathing disorder.
- Alzheimer’s disease: It is only through proper sleep that the brain gets to do it’s housekeeping, aka, clearing proteins that build up during the day. One of these proteins are amyloids, the same protein that has been linked to Alzheimer’s disease. Therefore, it’s not surprising that there is a 73% prevalence of sleep apnea with Alzheimer’s disease. In many cases, proper diagnosis and treatment of sleep apnea can have a significant role in preventing Alzheimer’s disease.
- Depression: Multiple studies have shown a strong link between sleep apnea and depression. Nearly half (45%) of patients diagnosed with depression have some degree of sleep apnea, and treating the sleep apnea in many cases can lessen the severity of depression.
- Stroke: Sleep Apnea has been shown to be a risk factor for stroke, and there has been an established link. If you have a history of stroke, or know of someone who does, you must get a sleep study done. Studies have shown that there is an almost 60% prevalence of Sleep Apnea with patients who have had a stroke.
- Diabetes: Studies have shown when someone suffers from obstructive sleep apnea or other forms of sleep breathing disorder, their body is more likely to be insulin resistant and show an intolerance for glucose. Those are also some basic underlying causes of type II diabetes. There is a 72% prevalence of some form of sleep apnea amongst type II diabetic patients. For this group, a sleep study is a must.
- Heart Failure: Almost 76% of patients who have reported Heart Failure also have some form of sleep breathing disorder when sleep studies were done. It is not surprising given the strong association between sleep apnea, hypertension and arrhythmia that there is such a strong association between sleep apnea and heart failure.
- Drug Resistant Hypertension: Drug resistance hypertension or high blood pressure is a huge warning sign that there may also be a sleep apnea problem as well, so much so that there is an 83% prevalence of sleep apnea amongst patients with drug resistance hypertension. Hypertension is a huge underlying cause of many other heart conditions; therefore, it is critical to get a sleep study done if you or someone you know has drug resistant hypertension.
- Atrial Fibrillation: Nearly half (49%) of those who have sleep apnea have atrial fibrillation, one of the most common heart conditions. It is important for anyone who has been diagnosed with atrial fibrillation to get a sleep study done. Treating and managing sleep apnea can have a huge effect of the management of atrial fibrillation.
- Acid Reflux: Because obstructive sleep apnea causes pressure changes in the airway and chest cavity, it is thought that those same chest pressure changes can cause acid reflux, so much so that 24% of patients who report acid reflux have some form of Sleep Breathing disorder.
- Obesity: Did you know when you have sleep apnea and your brain and body don’t get the proper sleep it needs your hormones get directly affected. To be more specific the hormones leptin, which decreases your appetite and ghrelin, the hormones that effect the feeling fullness. When you don’t get the proper sleep, you need, there is an over production of ghrelin and an underproduction of leptin, therefore leading to over eating and promoting obesity. It’s almost a vicious circle, being overweight and obese increases your risk of sleep apnea, and sleep apnea increases your likelihood of being overweight and obese. There is a 77% prevalence of Sleep Apnea amongst those who are Obese.
Given all that we know about the role of sleep and how important it is for the body, if you check off any of these 10 conditions, then you need to get sleep tested. Come see us at Lake Forest Dental Choice or talk to your health care provider and get sleep apnea treatment in Lake Forest, CA, 92630. Without a proper sleep test, you can never have a true diagnosis of a sleep apnea treatment in 92630 until you get sleep tested.